Marxism failed to attract him. His own deeply religious nature was uncomfortable with Marxist materialism and historical determinism and the Marxist reality of tyranny and suppression of dissent in the Soviet Union. He had seen the intellectual subservience of the Indian Marxists to their mentors in Russia and was wary of the Indian left-wing intellectuals and their newly discovered "secularism". ................. His decision to leave the Hindu fold in 1935 led to a virtual "conversion" stampede. Muslims, Sikhs, Christians and other sundry religious votaries raced to his door with all kinds of promises. For some of them it was a kind of a spiritual "auction" for the prize was nothing less than the winning of millions of votaries and their votes from among the ex-untouchables.
He did not want his people to be mere pawns on the chess board of political ambitions. Also he knew that his followers were deeply affected by Bhakti and cherished their "Indian-ness".
Islam in India had a past of invasions and fanatical suppression of non-Muslim challengers. Christianity was tainted with its association with imperialist rule and was regarded as much of "foreign" orgin as Islam.
What Ambedkar was seeking for his people was more than the removal of the formal stigma of "untouchability" and consequent economic deprivation and social degradation. He wanted for his people a new faith, a new identity based on an ethical creed and a rationalistic world-view. This, for obvious reasons, also had to be a part of the "Indic" tradition. Buddhism, it seemed to him, was such a doctrine and culture.
He wanted to get away from the Hindu mansion but not alienate himself and his followers from their "Indian-ness". In a sense Ambedkar's act in turning to Buddhism rather than Islam or Christianity was his final gracious gesture toward the Hindus. He was saying that he was leaving Hinduism but not abandoning the Indic tradition.
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