The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC)
The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) is an independent council administering the tribal areas of the state of Tripura, India. Its council and assembly are situated in Khumulwng, a town 26 km away from Agartala, the state capital.
Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) Act 1979 was passed by the Indian parliament after a series of democratic movements launched by the Indigenous people of Tripura, under the provision of the 7th scheduled of the Indian constitution. The principle objective behind setting up the Autonomous District Council is to empower the Indigenous people to govern themselves and also to bring all round developments of the backward people so as to protect and preserve their culture, customs and traditions. But it actually came into being from 18 January1982 and later it was upgraded under the provision of the 6th schedule to the Indian constitution with effect from the 1 April1985 by the 49th amendment to the Constitution of India.
The total area of the TTAADC is 7,132.56 km²., which covers about 68% of the total area (10,491 km²) of the state.
About 70% of land under TTAADC is covered by hilly forest, where as all the plain cultivable land including all the districts and sub-divisional headquarters are outside the preview of TTAADC.
Total population of 2,757,205 of the State (as per 1991 census) the total population of Scheduled Tribes is 853,920 (30.95%), out of which about 679,720 (79.59%) population are within the TTAADC area.
The total population of Tripura was 3,191,168 according to 2001 census.
Council of TTAADC
The TTAADC is governed by a council which has 30 members. Out of 30 members, 28 members are elected through adult suffrage while 2 members are nominated by the Governor of Tripura.. Out of 28 elected seats, 25 are reserved for Scheduled Tribes.
TTAADC has a regular administrative structure. Executive committee comprising of 9 + 1 = 10 members and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the head of the administration.
Power of District Council
Under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council is vested with two types of Powers. These are 1. Legislative Powers and 2. Executive Powers.
The Legislative powers
The Legislative Department of the District Council is headed by the Chairman who summons the meeting of the Council time to time in connection with approval of budget, discussion on bills, rules and regulations submitted by the treasury bench and passing of the same thereof.
The Council consists of 30 members out of which 28 members are elected by adult franchise and 2 members are nominated by the Governor of Tripura.
The Chairman has his own Secretariat headed by the Secretary to the District Council.
The Executive powers
The Executive Powers are vested with the Executive Committee, which is headed by the Chief Executive Member who is elected from among the Treasury Bench members.
The Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India provides ample powers to the District Council for self-Governance of the tribal population of the state. The District Council has its own powers to appoint its own staff in terms of requirement and appointment rules. The council administration is headed by the Chief Executive Officer and a Deputy Chief Executive Officer of TCS Grade-I and 6 Executive Officers, such as Administration, Finance, Rural Development, Planning, Development and Coordination etc.
There are different departments headed by a Principal Officer as the departmental head. The departments are
Health and Family Welfare
Land Records and Settlement
Science & Technology
The Public Works Department is manned by the Superintending Engineer with 4 Executive Engineers and other field staffs. The Department has also its own set up in the field.
The development programme of the Council are presently implemented by the Zonal Development Officers and 37 Sub-Zonal Development Officers within the TTAADC areas.
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